Docker is an application that allows tools and their dependencies to be packaged into discrete runtime environments. These environments, containers, are built from images and are stored inside an image registry.
A Docker image is a read-only file used to produce Docker containers. An image is composed of 'layers' of other images, and any change that is made to an image is carried out by adding a new layer.
The dependencies of Docker layers define an ordering, and any layer that does not depend on any other layer is called a base image. Typically this layer will describe the operating system for the environment.
Docker images can be uploaded to the Seven Bridges Image Registry, where they are referenced by repositories, which correspond to projects on the Platform. Once uploaded, you can run these tools on the Platform. Workflows will execute the tools in series, inside the containers that they are installed in.
A Docker container is a virtual private server. It can host software applications and their dependencies, which can be run from many diverse environments. Containers consist of an operating system, user-added files, and metadata.
Containers are built from images, but feature a read-write layer on top, so, unlike images, are interactive and can store state. This means that you can run applications inside them. After any executions in your Docker container, you can save a snapshot of the resulting state as another image.
Using Docker ensures that your tools will run on the Platform no matter what format they are in, and removes the possibility of conflicts between your local development environment and the execution environment of the Platform. Since there is no need to conform to any proprietary format when uploading your tools, you can easily run them elsewhere too.
An image registry stores Docker images. Each registry is organized into collections of images, called repositories.
Docker images uploaded to the Seven Bridges Image Registry are further organized into repositories. Once images are uploaded to the Seven Bridges Image Registry, you can run the tools contained in them on the Platform. Workflows will execute tools in series inside their Docker containers.
Docker hosts a number of images that you can use to build your containers. These are stored in an online registry called Docker Hub, where they are also organized into repositories. Docker Hub includes repositories that are are administrated by Docker, and contain images in which commonly-used software has been installed, including operating systems. These are typically used as base images. Docker Hub also hosts user repositories, containing images created and uploaded by Docker users. You are free to use images from any Docker Hub repository in building the image you upload to the Seven Bridges image registry.
You can also execute tools on the Seven Bridges Platform that are contained in images stored in Docker Hub. However, we would recommend you avoid pushing to, or using images from external image registries because we cannot guarantee their stability and availability. An alternative would be to re-push the image to the Seven Bridges Image Registry and use it from there. Additionally, storing your images in the Seven Bridges Image Registry rather than in Docker Hub will speed up processing time on the Platform, since the tools will be executed closer to the data they are processing.
Updated almost 2 years ago